It’s been a rollercoaster year in the world of retail finance and Buy Now, Pay Later.
The industry has been through many ups and downs – from the dawn of new regulation, to another recession, and countless interest rate changes.
Let’s look back at 2022 and highlight the key moments from an exceptional year in retail finance.
Retail spending took a nosedive
The first significant challenge this year came in February, when the Russian invasion of Ukraine shocked the global economy.
Since then, many Western countries including the UK have slipped into a recession, with the worst effects felt in multiple ‘cost of living’ indices. For many people, it’s become very expensive to pay for everyday essentials like food, rent and energy.
This has caused retail spending to decline, with practically every vertical feeling the impact in some way. In September 2022, the ONS reported that retail sales fell by 2% throughout the summer, ending the year 1.3% lower than their pre-coronavirus levels.
For those invested in retail finance specifically, this has set alarm bells ringing. Lower consumer spending generally means that many retailers and merchants have had to tighten their belts.
In the worst case scenario, the decline in spending – often coupled with other issues such as supply line problems and staffing costs – has forced some retailers to close their doors for good.
But it’s not all doom and gloom…
Despite everything, retail finance continued to soar
While spending may have declined generally, the number of payments made through retail finance, and the value of payments processed increased considerably between 2021 and 2022.
Data from the Divido platform shows that from 2021 to 2022, the average total of activated credit increased 26.5% YOY.
The number of monthly transactions made through the Divido platform also increased 16.6% YOY between 2021–2022.
One of the most significant increases this year was seen over the Black Friday weekend. The number of transactions increased 50% this year, despite Black Friday coming at a particularly tough time for household budgets.
This shows us that more consumers than ever were using retail finance to complete their purchases. Indeed, it seems that the cost of living crisis is incentivising more customers to exercise finance options such as short-term credit and “Buy Now, Pay Later” (BNPL) as a way to manage their budgets.
A report this year from Juniper Research speculated that short-term credit options may represent $1 trillion in sales by 2030, with the number of users increasing to 900 million globally by 2027.
Regulation started to take shape
On 20th June, the government made its first, long-anticipated announcement concerning regulation of Short-term Interest-free Credit (STIFC) and BNPL products.
This process had started in February 2021, when the government published The Woolard Review. Noting that the credit market operated within a loophole in the 1974 Consumer Credit Act, the Review outlined some of the potential issues within this payment sector.
The government consulted with numerous providers of BNPL and STIFC, including Divido, in order to outline a regulatory framework that would benefit both consumers and payment providers.
Their June announcement clarified several things. Firstly, that full regulation is expected to be implemented in mid-2023. And, more importantly, it mentioned some of the proposed rule changes that will come into effect. These included:
- Tightening of the rules around communication, so that customers understand the potential pitfalls of taking out checkout finance loans
- Stricter rules around affordability and credit checking
- That BNPL and STIFC lenders must start reporting details of their loans to credit referencing agencies
Later in the year, the first regulatory change took effect, when the government handed over regulatory authority to the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA), with the Financial Ombudsman acting as a point of escalation.
At Divido, we believe regulation will be a positive step forward for the industry. By levelling the playing field and stopping so-called ‘cowboy’ lenders from offering loans to consumers who can’t afford to pay them back, regulation will improve perceptions of the industry and help to make retail finance lending more sustainable.
Big businesses started to get involved
Investors backed off and valuations stumbled
Mind you, it wasn’t all plain sailing in 2022.
This year saw several of those aforementioned start-ups come up against some tough economic conditions.
One of the biggest stories of the year was that one major player lost a whopping 85% of its 2021 valuation, and several other companies saw their market caps constrict too.
Some chalked this up to regulation, which they saw as an existential threat to Buy Now, Pay Later providers at the lower end of the market. Others pointed out that, since these businesses often borrowed from central banks, fluctuating interest rates would cripple their zero-interest lending models.
Investors therefore started to look for retail finance businesses who were innovating in new ways, with many shifting their investments onto smaller fintechs. In response, the more established providers started to look for new ways to innovate.